At this time of year, saving seeds is often an important job. By saving our own seeds from our gardens, we can save money and, over time, create strains of certain species better suited for growing in our own particular gardens. Thinking about how we can increase our plant stocks is essential in planning in a garden long term.
But saving seeds is not the only way to propagate plants. Now is a good time to think about taking hardwood cuttings. This is usually something you will do just after leaf fall. It is a method suitable for many fruit bushes and a wide range of trees and deciduous shrubs. For example, I will be taking cuttings from my red currants, black currants and gooseberry bushes in the next month or two.
You might also consider propagation by division, which is suitable for a number of perennial plants. Propagation by division is the name given to the technique whereby gardeners divide perennial plants to make new ones. Division is one of the easiest methods of propagation, and is a great way to quickly and easily increase your plant stock.
Perennial plants can be divided successfully at almost any time, as long as you take care to maintain water supplies afterwards. But the best time to divide plants is usually when they are not in active growth.
Another means of propagation is layering. This is a technique used with lavender plants, for example. I generally think about this as I prune my plants.
There are a range of different ways to propagate new plants for your garden from your existing ones. And exploring all the different options can help you stay ahead of things in your permaculture garden. Propagation is one more key way to create a sustainable and long lasting garden that continues to go from strength to strength.